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Andrew T. Guzman
Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720
510-642-8074
[email protected]

E m p l o y m e n t

Professor of Law, Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley, 1998-present
Associate Dean, International & Advanced Degree Programs, 2008-present
Director, International Legal Studies Program, 2001-2007

Visiting Faculty Positions
World Trade Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland, Fall 2010, 2011
University of Barcelona, Spain, Fall 2010.
University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, Fall 2009
University of Toronto Law School, October 2007
University of Hamburg, Summers 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
Catolica Law School, Lisbon, Portugal, December 2008
Harvard Law School, Fall 2003
University of Chicago Law School, 1997-1998

Judicial Clerk, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, 1996-1997

Summer Associate, Shearman & Sterling, Summer 1994

E d u c a t i o n

J.D., Harvard Law School, magna cum laude, June 1996
Harvard Law Review, Books & Commentaries Editor
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Economics, June 1996 (M.A., June 1992)
Dissertation: Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment
B.Sc., University of Toronto, high distinction, June 1990

C l a s s e s    T a u g h t

Contracts, Public International Law, Private International Law, International Trade, International Investment Law,
International Civil Litigation

P r o f e s s i o n a l    A c t i v  i t i e s

Member, Ad hoc arbitration panel in dispute between U.S.A. and a private party, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008-2010.

University of California
Associate Dean, International and Advanced Degree Programs, 2009-present
Director, Advanced Law Program (LL.M. and J.S.D. degree programs), 2008-present
Member, Berkeley Committee on Privileges & Tenure, 2008-present
Member, University of California System-wide Committee on Privileges & Tenure, 2010-present
Faculty Director, Miller Institute on Global Challenges and the Law

Kuwait International Law School, Academic Advisory Board Member

Academic Journals
Board of Editors, Journal of International Economic Law
Board of Editors, International Review of Law and Economics
Board of Editors, Indian Journal of International Economic Law
Board of Advisors, Berkeley Journal of International Law
Board of Advisors, Berkeley Business Law Journal
Board of Advisors, Ecology Law Quarterly
Academic Council, Institute for Transnational Arbitration

Referee: International Organization, International Review of Law and Economics, Journal of Law and
Economics, Journal of Legal Studies, American Law and Economics Review, Harvard University Press,
Oxford University Press

American Society of International Law (ASIL)
Editor, ASIL Insights, 2007-2008
Awards Committee, 2007-2008
Program Committee, 2006

Member, American Law and Economics Association

Treasurer & Member of Advisory Board, Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

Lecturer, Themis Bar Review; Concord Law School

L a n g u a g e s

Fluent in French and Spanish

R e s e a r c h

Work in Progress

International Order Without Law: The Power of Soft Law in Global Governance (with Timothy Meyer)

Like Products in a Mature WTO

Extraterritoriality and Cooperation (with Kal Raustiala)

Application Law in International Investment Disputes (with Jan Dalhuisen)

Human Rights Backsliding (with Katerina Linos)

B o o k s

Overheated: The Human Cost of Climate Change, forthcoming Oxford University Press (2012)

International Trade Law: Cases and Materials, Aspen Publishers (2d ed. 2012) (with Joost Pauwelyn)

International Trade Law: Document Supplement to the Second Edition, with Joost Pauwelyn, Aspen Publishers (2012)

Regulation and Competition in the Global Economy: Cooperation , Comity, and Competition Policy (ed.), Oxford University Press (2010)

How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory, Oxford University Press (2008)

Research Handbook in International Economic Law, Edward Elgar Publishing (edited with Alan Sykes)
(2007)

A r t i c l e s

Doctor Frankenstein’s International Organizations (in manuscript)

Non-Expropriatory Takings under International Investment Law (with Jan Dalhuisen) (in manuscript)

The Law and Economics of Soft Law, in HANDBOOK ON THE ECONOMIC OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW
(Eugene Kontorovich, ed.) (2013).

Against Consent, 52 VA. J. INT’L. 747 (2012).

Climate Change and U.S. Interest: Response to Critics, 41 ENVIRONMENTAL L. & POL’Y ANN. REV. 10726
(2011).

A Strategy for Cooperation in Global Competition Policy, in REGULATION AND COMPETITION IN THE GLOBAL
ECONOMY: COOPERATION, COMITY, AND COMPETITION POLICY (Andrew T. Guzman, ed.) (2010)

International Soft Law, JOURNAL OF LEGAL ANALYSIS (2010) (with Timothy L. Meyer)

Climate Change and U.S. Interests, 109 COLUM. L. REV. 1531 (2009) (with Jody Freeman), excerpted in 41
ENVIRONMENTAL L. & POL’Y ANN. REV. 10695 (2011).

How International Law Works, 1 INT’L THEORY 285 (2009)

How International Law Works: Response to Commentators, 1 INT’L THEORY 335 (2009)

Importers as Regulators: Product Safety in Globalized World, in Import Safety: Governance Challenges in the Global Economy (Cary Coglianese & Adam Finkel, eds., 2009) (with Kenneth Bamberger)

Determining the Appropriate Standard of Review in WTO Disputes, 42 CORNELL J. INT’L L. 45 (2009)

International Common Law: The Soft Law of International Tribunals, 9 CHI. J. INT’L L. 515 (2009) (with Timothy
L. Meyer)

Keeping Imports Safe: A Proposal For Discriminatory Regulation Of International Trade, 96 CAL. L. REV. 1405
(2008) (with Kenneth Bamberger)

International Tribunals: A Rational Choice Analysis, 157 U. PA. L. REV. 171 (2008)

The Myth of International Delegation, 96 CAL. L. REV. 1693 (2008) (with Jennifer Landsidle)

Dispute Resolution in SPS Cases, in TEN YEARS OF WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT (Horovitz, Moulis, & Steger,
eds., 2007)

International Competition Law, in RESEARCH HANDBOOK IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW (Andrew T.
Guzman & Alan O. Sykes, eds., 2007)

Customary International Law in the 21st Century, in PROGRESS IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION (Bratspies &
Miller eds., 2007) (with Timothy L. Meyer)

Competing For Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties: An Empirical Analysis, INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATION, V. 60(3) (fall 2006) (with Beth Simmons & Zach Elkins)

The Promise of International Law, 92 VA. L. REV. 533 (2006)

Reputation and International Law, 34 GEORGIA J. INT’L COMP. L. 379 (2006)

Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes, 34 J. LEG. STUD. 557 (2005)
(with Beth Simmons)

The Design of International Agreements, 16 EUR. J. INT’L L. 579 (2005)

Saving Customary International Law, 27 MICH. J. INT’L L. 115 (2005)

Food Fears: Health and Safety at the WTO, 45 VA. J. INT’L L. 1 (2004)

Global Governance and the WTO, 45 HARV. INT’L L.J. 303 (2004)

The Case for International Antitrust, in COMPETITION LAW IN CONFLICT: ANTITRUST JURISDICTION IN THE
GLOBAL ECONOMY (Michael Greve & Richard Epstein, eds. 2004) (reprinted in 22 BERKELEY J. INT’L L.
355 (2004))

Trade, Labor, Legitimacy, 90 CAL. L. REV. 88 (2003)

International Antitrust and the WTO: The Lesson from Intellectual Property, 43 VA. J. INT’L L. 933 (2003)

A Compliance Based Theory of International Law, 90 CAL. L. REV. 1823 (2002)

To Settle or Empanel? An Empirical Analysis of Litigation and Settlement at the WTO, 31 J. LEG. STUD. S205
(2002) (with Beth Simmons)

The Cost of Credibility: Explaining Resistance to Interstate Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, 31 J. LEG. STUD.
303 (2002)

Choice of Law: New Foundations, 90 GEO. L.J. 883 (2002)

Public Choice and International Regulatory Competition, 90 GEO. L.J. 971 (2002)

International Regulatory Harmonization, Introduction to Symposium, 3 CHI. J. INT’L L. 271 (2002)

Antitrust and International Regulatory Federalism, 76 N.Y.U. L. REV. 1142 (2001)

Choice and Federal Intervention in Corporate Law, 87 VA. L. REV. 961 (2001) (with Stephen Choi)

International Bankruptcy: In Defense of Universalism, 98 MICH. L. REV. 2177 (2000)

Arbitrator Liability: Reconciling Arbitration & Mandatory Rules, 49 DUKE L.J. 1279 (2000)

An Economic Analysis of Transnational Bankruptcies, 42 J.L. & ECON. 775 (1999) (with Lucian Bebchuk)

Capital Market Regulation in Developing Countries: A Proposal, 39 VA. J. INT’L L. 607 (1999)

Is International Antitrust Possible?, 73 N.Y.U. L. REV. 1501 (1998)

Portable Reciprocity: Rethinking the International Reach of Securities Regulation, 71 SO. CAL. L. REV. 903
(1998) (with Stephen Choi)

Why LDCs Sign Treaties that Hurt Them: Explaining the Popularity of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 38 VA. J.
INT’L L. 639 (1998)

National Laws, International Money: Regulation in a Global Capital Market, 65 FORDHAM L. REV. 1855 (1997)
(with Stephen Choi)

The Dangerous Extraterritoriality of American Securities Regulation, 17 NW. J. INT’L L. & BUS. 207 (1996) (with Stephen Choi)

How Would You Like to Pay for That? The Strategic Effects of Fee Arrangements on Settlement Terms, 1 HARV.
NEGOTIATION L. REV. 53 (1996) (with Lucian Bebchuk)

Note, A Reformed Economic Model of Consumer Bankruptcy, 109 HARV. L. REV. 1338 (1996)

Book Reviews & Other Writing

The True Cost of Climate Change, Huffington Post, Dec. 15, 2009 (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/andrewguzman/
the-true-costs-of-climate_b_392510.html).

A Plan to Make Imports Safe, San Francisco Chronicle, Feb. 25, 2009 (with Kenneth Bamberger)

How Can We Protect Ourselves From Unsafe Foreign Goods, San Jose Mercury News, Jan. 27, 2009 (with
Kenneth Bamberger)

An Insider’s Guide to the WTO’s Problems, BRIDGES, January 2005 (with Joost Pauwelyn)

The Road to Hull?: Review of M. SORNARAJAH, THE INTERNATIONAL LAW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT, 6 EUR. J.
INT’L L. 612 (1996)

No End in Sight: Review of WILLIAM A. SCHABAS, THE ABOLITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY IN INTERNATIONAL
LAW, 108 Harv. L. Rev. 483 (1994)

A c a d e m i c    P r e s e n t a t i o n s

Faculty Workshop, University of Virginia Law School, What Do International Organizations Do?, March
2012

Faculty Research Workshop, Berkeley Law School, What Do International Organizations Do?, Feb. 2012.

Faculty Workshop, University of Georgia Law School, The Consent Problem in International Law, Feb. 2012.

Keynote Address, What Do International Organizations Do?, European Law and Economics Association Annual
Meeting, Hamburg, Germany, Sept. 2011.

Book Conference on Linos, Benchmarks From Abroad, Theories of Diffusion and a New Constructivism,
Berkeley Law School, Sept. 2011.

Master Class, Brazilian Bar Association, The WTO and Dispute Resolution Between the United States and Brazil,
Sao Paulo, Brazil, May, 2011

Pinheiro Neto Invited Lecture, Foreign Investment Law, Pinheir Neto Law Firm, Sao Paulo Brazil, May, 2010.

Faculty Workshop, Oregon Law School, Eugene, OR, The Consent Problem of International Law, April 2010.

Conference on Extraterritoriality, Southwestern Law School, Los Angeles, CA, An Economic Analysis of
Extraterritoriality, November, 2010.

Latin American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, ESEN, San Salvador, El Salvador,
International Soft Law, May 2010.

Faculty Research Workshop, Duke Law School, International Soft Law, March 2010.

Berkeley Riesenfeld Symposium on International Arbitration, Berkeley Law School, Arbitration in California,
Feb. 2010.

Junior International Law Scholars Association Annual Meeting, The Challenges of Interdisciplinary Work in
International Law, Feb. 2010.

World Trade Institute, Berne, Switzerland, International Soft Law, Dec. 2009.

University of Zurich Faculty Workshop, International Soft Law, Nov. 2009.

University of St. Gallen Faculty Lecture, Sea Walls are Not Enough: Global Climate Change and American
Interests, Nov. 2009.

University of Basel Faculty Workshop, Sea Walls are Not Enough: Global Climate Change and American
Interests, Nov. 2009.

University of Basel Faculty Workshop, Sea Walls are Not Enough: Global Climate Change and American
Interests, Nov. 2009.

University of Basel Faculty Lecture, International Soft Law, Nov. 2009.

Rethinking the Foundations of Climate Change Conference, Pennsylvania Law School, Sea Walls are Not
Enough: Global Climate Change and American Interests, October 2009.

Hauser Interdisciplinary Colloquium, NYU Law School, Sea Walls are Not Enough: Global Climate Change
and American Interests, September, 2009.

Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, Sea Walls
are Not Enough: Global Climate Change and American Interests, May 2009.

Faculty Research Workshop, Berkeley Law School, Sea Walls are Not Enough: Global Climate Change and
American Interests, March 31, 2009.

American Society of International Law Research Colloquium, UCLA Law School, Explaining Soft Law, February
13, 2009.

International Law-International Relations Workshop, Harvard University, International Tribunals: A Rational
Choice Analysis, October 15, 2008.

Keynote Address, Law and Economics Doctoral Meeting, St Gallen, Switzerland, Where is the Law and
Economics of International Law?, July 2008.

Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Mexico City, Mexico,
Regulatory Challenges in a Global Economy, May 2008.

Conference on Process and Procedure in WTO Dispute Settlement, Cornell Law School, Burden of Proof in WTO
Disputes, April 2008.

Global Lecture Series, Hastings Law School, How International Law Works, March 3, 2008.

Princeton-Yale Seminar on Reputations and International Agreements, Princeton University, Commentator,
February 2008.

Conference on Empirical Legal Studies, New York University Law School, Commentator on Danner & Simmons,
Credible Commitments and the International Criminal Court, November 2007.

Conference on the Protection of Foreign Investment, Puebla, Mexico, August, 2007.

International Law Seminar, FOM, University of Applied Science in Hamburg and Hamburg Chamber of
Commerce, Globalization and the Trading System, July 2007.

Faculty Colloquium, Comparative Law and Economics Forum, New York University Law School, International
Tribunals: A Rational Choice Analysis, April 2007.

International Law Workshop, Stanford Law School, Judging International Tribunals, March 2007.

Faculty Speaker Series, Stanford Law School, When Do States Use Dispute Settlement at the WTO?, January
2007.

Keynote Address, Asian Law and Economics Association Meeting, National University Law School, Bangalore,
India, What We Know About WTO Dispute Settlement, December 2006.

International Law Seminar, Northwestern Law School, Judging International Tribunals, November 2006.

International Law Workshop, University of California, Los Angeles Law School, Judging International
Tribunals, October 2006.

Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella,
Buenos Aires, Argentina, The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties: An Empirical Analysis (with
Zach Elkins and Beth Simmons), May 2006.

Rationality and Reputation in International Relations, Princeton University, Reputation and International Law,
April 2006.

Conference on Delegating Sovereignty: Constitutional and Political Perspectives, Duke University Law School,
The Myth of Delegation of Sovereignty, March 2006.

Global Law Workshop, Duke University Law School, The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties: An
Empirical Analysis (with Zach Elkins and Beth Simmons), March 2006.

Faculty Seminar, Arizona State Law School, The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties: An Empirical
Analysis (with Zach Elkins and Beth Simmons), February 2006.

Faculty Workshop, Vanderbilt University Law School, Reputation in International Law, January 2006.
Symposium on THE LIMITS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, Georgia Law School, Reputation and International Law,
October 2005.

Conference on The Future of the State, University of Virginia Law School, The Song Remains the Same (with Kal
Raustiala), October 2005.

Law and Economics Seminar, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, The Diffusion of
Bilateral Investment Treaties: An Empirical Analysis (with Zach Elkins and Beth Simmons), September
2005.

Conference on WTO Dispute Settlement and Developing Countries: Use, Implications, Strategies, Reforms,
University of Wisconsin, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO
Disputes (with Beth Simmons), May 2005.

American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, NYU Law School, Power Plays & Capacity
Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), May 2005.

Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Boalt Hall School of Law,
University of California, Berkeley, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in
WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), April 2005.

Faculty Workshop, University of Virginia Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of
Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), March 2005.

Institute for International Economic Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Power Plays & Capacity
Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), February 2005.

International Legal Theory Colloquium, Georgetown University Law Center, The Design of International
Agreements, February 2005.

International Law West Conference, Whitier Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of
Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), February 2005.

International Law Roundtable, Vanderbilt University Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The
Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), November 2004.

Faculty Workshop, Chicago-Kent Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants
in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), November 2004.

Faculty Workshop, University of Illinois Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of
Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), November 2004.

Conference on International Dispute Resolution, University of Chicago Law School, Power Plays & Capacity
Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), October 2004.

Faculty Workshop, Lewis & Clark Law School, Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of
Defendants in WTO Disputes (with Beth Simmons), October 2004.

Center for American and International Law Annual Symposium, Dallas, TX, Labor, Environment, and IP
Protections in Trade Agreements, and, The WTO: Where We Are and Where We Are Going, June 2004.

American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Georgetown University Law Center, The Design of
International Agreements, May 2004.

Globalization Workshop, Yale Law School, The Design of International Agreements, April 2004.
International Law Workshop, University of Chicago Law School, The Design of International Agreements, April
2004.

American Society of International Law Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., The Jurisdiction of the WTO (panel
moderator), March 2004.

International Law and Politics Workshop, University of California, Los Angeles, The Design of International
Agreements, March 2004.

Boalt Hall School of Law School Faculty Workshop, University of California, Berkeley, The Design of
International Agreements, March 2004.

Faculty Workshop, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, The Design of International Agreements, February 2004.

Faculty Workshop, University of Toronto Law School, Global Governance and the WTO, November 2003.

Faculty Workshop, Harvard Law School, Global Governance and the WTO, October 2003.

Conference on the International Diffusion of Political and Economic Liberalization, Weatherhead Center for
International Affairs, Harvard University, The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties: An Empirical
Assessment, October 2003.

University of California, Berkeley International Antitrust Workshop, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of
California,Berkeley, The Case for International Antitrust, June 2003.

Comparative Law and Economics Forum, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, The
Political Economy of Litigation and Settlement at the WTO, June 2003.

Competition and Cooperation in Antitrust Law Conference, American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., The
Case for International Antitrust, April 2003.

Law and Economics Seminar, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, The Political
Economy of Litigation and Settlement at the WTO, February 2003.

Faculty Workshop, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, Global Governance and the
WTO, February 2003.

International Trade Roundtable, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, Global
Governance and the WTO, January 2003.

Sokol Colloquium on Private International Law, University of Virginia Law School, International Antitrust and
the WTO: The Lesson from Intellectual Property, October 2002.

Global Antitrust Law and Policy Conference, University of Minnesota Law School, National Antitrust Laws and
International Antitrust, September 2002.

Canadian Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, University of Toronto, WTO Dispute Resolution:
Why Complainants (Almost) Always Win, September 2002.

Bay Area Law and Economics Group, Stanford Law School, WTO Dispute Resolution: Why Complainants
(Almost) Always Win, May 2002.

Law and Economics Workshop, University of Virginia School of Law, International Law: A Compliance-Based
Theory, March 2002.

Joe C. Davis Workshops in Law and Economics, Vanderbilt University Law School, International Law: A
Compliance-Based Theory, January 2002.

Keynote Speaker, Southern California International Law Professor’s Dinner, Loyola Law School, International
Law: A Compliance-Based Theory, November 2001.

International Law Workshop, University of California, Los Angeles Law School, The Cost of Credibility:
Explaining Resistance to Interstate Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, November 2001.

International Law Workshop, Duke University Law School, International Law: A Compliance-Based Theory,
November 2001.

Law and Economics Seminar, Georgetown University Law Center, Choice of Law: New Foundation, November
2001.

Canadian Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, University of Toronto, International Law: A
Compliance-Based Theory, September 2001.

Globalization and Jurisdiction Seminar, Stanford Law School, Choice of Law: New Foundations and Portable
Reciprocity: Rethinking the International Reach of Securities Regulation, June 2001.

American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Georgetown University Law Center, International
Law: A Compliance-Based Theory, May 2001.

Rational Choice and International Law Conference, University of Chicago Law School, To Settle or Empanel? An
Empirical Analysis of Litigation and Settlement at the WTO, April 2001.

Law and Economics Seminar, Columbia Law School, The Cost of Credibility: Explaining Resistance to Interstate
Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Spring 2001.

Berkeley Journal of International Law, Stefan A. Riesenfeld Symposium 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law,
University of California, Berkeley, Fifty Years in the Making: World War II Reparation and Restitution
Claims, moderator, Finding the Owner: Unlawful Takings and Possession of Assets, Spring 2001.

International Law and Politics Workshop, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley,
International Law Rules: A Compliance-Based Theory, February 2001.

University of Southern California Faculty Seminar, University of Southern California Law School, Choice of
Law: New Foundations, September 2000.

Canadian Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, University of Toronto, Choice of Law: New
Foundations, September 2000.

Law and Economics Seminar, Stanford Law School, Choice of Law: New Foundations, September 2000.
American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, New York University, Choice of Law: New
Foundations, May 2000.

University of Chicago Faculty Seminar, University of Chicago Law School, Choice of Law Lessons, April 2000.
Law and Economics Seminar, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, The End of Banks,
February 2000.

Latin American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Bogota, Columbia, Arbitrator Liability:
Reconciling Arbitration and Mandatory Rules, June 1999.

University of California, Los Angeles Law School, Lake Arrowhead Conference on the Political Economy of
Contractual Obligations: The Case of Bankruptcy Law, An Economic Analysis of Transnational
Bankruptcies, April 1999.

Friedmann Conference on International Securities and Antitrust, Columbia Law School, Arbitrator Liability:
Reconciling Arbitration and Mandatory Rules, March 1999.

Law and Economics Seminar, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, Regulating
Developing Country Capital Markets in a Global Economy, October 1998.

Sokol Colloquium on Private International Law, University of Virginia Law School, Developing Capital Markets:
Choice of Law and Choice of Forum in Developing Country Financial Markets, September 1998.

Latin American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Quito, Ecuador, Regulating Securities Markets
in Developing Countries, June 1998.

Harvard Faculty Seminar, Harvard Law School, Portable Reciprocity: Rethinking the International Reach of
Securities Regulation, April 1998.

American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California,
Berkeley, Portable Reciprocity: Rethinking the International Reach of Securities Regulation, May 1998.

University of Pennsylvania Faculty Seminar, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Is International Antitrust
Possible?, January 1998.

Fordham University Faculty Seminar, Fordham Law School, Is International Antitrust Possible?, January 1998.

University of Texas Faculty Seminar, University of Texas Law School, Trade and Competition Law: The Grim
Prospects for Cooperation, December 1997.

University of Chicago Law and Economics Seminar, University of Chicago Law School, Trade and Competition
Law: The Grim Prospects for Cooperation, November 1997.

American Law and Economics Association Annual Meeting, University of Toronto Law School, An Economic
Analysis of Transnational Bankruptcies, May 1997.